Repeat pouch surgery by the abdominal approach safely salvages failed ileal pelvic pouch

Dis Colon Rectum. 2009 Feb;52(2):198-204. doi: 10.1007/DCR.0b013e31819ad4b6.


Purpose: : This study evaluated outcomes of patients with abdominal salvage operations for failed ileal pouch-anal anastomosis.

Methods: : Patients undergoing laparotomy for ileoanal pouch salvage were reviewed from a prospectively maintained pouch database and records.

Results: : From 1983 to 2007, 241 abdominal reconstructions were performed. The median follow-up was 5 years (range, 0.04-20.8). Diagnoses before primary ileal pouch-anal anastomosis were ulcerative colitis in 187, familial adenomatous polyposis in 22, indeterminate colitis in 20, Crohn's disease in 9, and other in 3. The most common indications for salvage were fistula (n = 67), leak (n = 65), stricture (n = 42) pouch dysfunction (n = 40), pelvic abscess (n = 25). Seventy-one cases had a new pouch constructed. One hundred and seventy cases had the original pouch salvaged. Twenty-nine cases had either pouch excision or ileostomy without pouch excision the result of failure after reconstruction. To assess functional results and quality of life, patients with reconstruction were matched to those with a primary ileal pouch-anal anastomosis. Significantly higher proportions of patients with reconstruction reported seepage during daytime (P = 0.002), at night (P = 0.015), and daytime pad usage (P = 0.02). Other parameters and quality of life were similar between groups.

Conclusions: : Repeat abdominal surgery was a good alternative for pouch failure. Functional and quality of life outcomes were encouraging.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Colonic Pouches* / adverse effects
  • Defecation
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Ileostomy
  • Male
  • Postoperative Complications*
  • Proctocolectomy, Restorative
  • Quality of Life
  • Reoperation / methods
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Treatment Outcome