Cancer mortality among Danish molders

Am J Ind Med. 1991;20(3):401-9. doi: 10.1002/ajim.4700200312.


This study was set up to investigate potential chronic health effects associated with molding in the foundry industry. For this purpose, a cohort of 632 male molders was followed through 10 years with regard to cause-specific mortality. Comparisons were made with another cohort of skilled workers. The mortality from cancer was increased among the molders (standardized mortality ratio 152, 95% confidence interval 100-221), mainly because of an excess number of deaths from bladder cancer (standardized mortality ratio 896, 95% confidence interval 329-1,949). It is suggested that certain mold types may emit bladder carcinogens. In addition, phenols, cresols, and aldehydes in the foundry work atmosphere might act as tumor promoters.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Chronic Disease
  • Cohort Studies
  • Denmark / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms / mortality
  • Male
  • Metallurgy*
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasms / mortality*
  • Occupational Diseases / mortality*
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / mortality