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Genetic Diversity of a Large Set of Horse Breeds Raised in France Assessed by Microsatellite Polymorphism


Genetic Diversity of a Large Set of Horse Breeds Raised in France Assessed by Microsatellite Polymorphism

Grégoire Leroy et al. Genet Sel Evol.

Erratum in

  • Genet Sel Evol. 2009;41:31


The genetic diversity and structure of horses raised in France were investigated using 11 microsatellite markers and 1679 animals belonging to 34 breeds. Between-breed differences explained about ten per cent of the total genetic diversity (Fst = 0.099). Values of expected heterozygosity ranged from 0.43 to 0.79 depending on the breed. According to genetic relationships, multivariate and structure analyses, breeds could be classified into four genetic differentiated groups: warm-blooded, draught, Nordic and pony breeds. Using complementary maximisation of diversity and aggregate diversity approaches, we conclude that particular efforts should be made to conserve five local breeds, namely the Boulonnais, Landais, Merens, Poitevin and Pottok breeds.


Figure 1
Figure 1
Neighbour-Net for the 39 horse populations, based on Reynolds DR distance.
Figure 2
Figure 2
Correspondence analysis of allele frequencies for 38 of the populations studied (PRW is not included). The projection is shown on the first two axes.
Figure 3
Figure 3
Cluster assignment of each of the 39 populations to the K cluster. Among 20 runs, solutions having the most similar pair-wise similarity coefficients are presented here. Breeds not classified in their group according to French nomenclature are in italic.

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