Novel cell culture model for prevention of carcinogenic risk in familial adenomatous polyposis syndrome

Oncol Rep. 2009 Apr;21(4):1017-21. doi: 10.3892/or_00000318.


Clinical familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) syndrome represents a high risk pre-invasive precursor for colon cancer, and is characterized by germ line mutation in the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) tumor suppressor gene. Cellular models with relevant genetic and biological characteristics should provide important mechanistic leads for predisposition and preventive intervention. Cloned colon epithelial cell line from the Apc850 Min/+ mouse represented a model for FAP. Cell cycle progression, cellular apoptosis and anchorage-independent growth represented the biomarkers for carcinogenic risk. The Apc mutant 850Min COL-Cl1 cells exhibited decreased G0/G1:S+G2/M ratio, increased S+G2/M:subG0 ratio, and increased anchorage-independent colony formation, indicating loss of homeostatic growth control and gain of anchorage-independent growth. Growth of these cells in serum-depleted medium was promoted by mitogenic insulin and epidermal growth factor, and inhibited by anti-mitogenic transforming growth factor-beta1 and dexamethasone. Treatment with low dose combinations of synthetic enzyme inhibitor difluoro methylornithine (DFMO), synthetic non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug sulindac (SUL), and naturally occurring epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), and eicosapen-taenoic acid (EPA) produced cytostatic growth arrest and inhibited anchorage-independent colony formation. These data identify a novel cell culture model and validate a mechanism-based approach to prioritize combinations of effective chemopreventive compounds for prevention/therapy of colon cancer.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adenomatous Polyposis Coli / genetics*
  • Adenomatous Polyposis Coli / pathology
  • Animals
  • Anticarcinogenic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Catechin / analogs & derivatives
  • Catechin / therapeutic use
  • Cell Line
  • Colonic Neoplasms / prevention & control*
  • Eflornithine / therapeutic use
  • Eicosapentaenoic Acid / therapeutic use
  • Genes, APC
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mutation


  • Anticarcinogenic Agents
  • Catechin
  • Eicosapentaenoic Acid
  • epigallocatechin gallate
  • Eflornithine