Vascular lesions of the mediastinum

Thorac Surg Clin. 2009 Feb;19(1):91-105. doi: 10.1016/j.thorsurg.2008.09.003.


Most mediastinal masses seen on thoracic imaging are of solid tumor origin. As such, vascular lesions of the mediastinum can be mistaken for, or misinterpreted as, one of these more common mediastinal masses. This article stresses the importance of considering vascular entities in the differential diagnosis of mediastinal masses.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aorta, Thoracic / abnormalities
  • Humans
  • Lymphangioma / diagnosis
  • Mediastinal Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Mediastinum / blood supply*
  • Pulmonary Artery / abnormalities
  • Pulmonary Veins / abnormalities
  • Vascular Diseases / diagnosis*