CD45, CD148, and Lyp/Pep: critical phosphatases regulating Src family kinase signaling networks in immune cells

Immunol Rev. 2009 Mar;228(1):288-311. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-065X.2008.00752.x.


Reciprocal regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation by protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs) and protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) is central to normal immune cell function. Disruption of the equilibrium between PTK and PTP activity can result in immunodeficiency, autoimmunity, or malignancy. Src family kinases (SFKs) play a central role in both immune cell function and disease due to their proximal position in numerous signal transduction cascades including those emanating from integrin, T and B-cell antigen receptors, Fc, growth factor, and cytokine receptors. Given that tight regulation of SFKs activity is critical for appropriate responses to stimulation of these various signaling pathways, it is perhaps not surprising that multiple PTPs are involved in their regulation. Here, we focus on the role of three phosphatases, CD45, CD148, and LYP/PEP, which are critical regulators of SFKs in hematopoietic cells. We review our current understanding of their structures, expression, functions in different hematopoietic cell subsets, regulation, and putative roles in disease. Finally, we discuss remaining questions that must be addressed if we are to have a clearer understanding of the coordinated regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation and signaling networks in hematopoietic cells and how they could potentially be manipulated therapeutically in disease.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blood Cells / enzymology
  • Blood Cells / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Leukocyte Common Antigens / metabolism*
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 12 / metabolism*
  • Receptor-Like Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases, Class 3 / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction*


  • Leukocyte Common Antigens
  • PTPRJ protein, human
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 12
  • Receptor-Like Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases, Class 3