A prospective study of the time to evacuate acute subdural and extradural haematomas

Anaesthesia. 2009 Mar;64(3):277-81. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2044.2008.05779.x.


We performed a prospective, single-centre study of times to treatment of patients with life-threatening, traumatic, extra- and subdural haematomas requiring surgical evacuation between May 2006 and May 2007. The mean time to surgical decompression was 5.0 h and 32% were performed within 4 h. Patients who initially presented to a district hospital and required transfer for neurosurgery were decompressed in 5.4 h vs 3.7 h for those admitted directly. The current standard of surgical evacuation of all haematomas within 4 h is not being met. Delays were identified in every stage in the management of these patients and no single step was identified as the major cause. Initial treatment in district hospitals led to delays greater than the added driving time. There may be time savings from carrying out treatment steps in parallel instead of in series.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Craniotomy
  • Decompression, Surgical / standards*
  • Emergencies
  • Emergency Medical Services / standards
  • Emergency Service, Hospital / standards
  • England
  • Hematoma, Epidural, Cranial / surgery*
  • Hematoma, Subdural / surgery*
  • Hospitals, District / standards
  • Humans
  • Patient Transfer / standards
  • Prospective Studies
  • Time Factors