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. 2009 Apr;84(4):477-82.
doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2009.02.011. Epub 2009 Mar 19.

Genome-wide Association Study of Vitamin B6, Vitamin B12, Folate, and Homocysteine Blood Concentrations

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Free PMC article

Genome-wide Association Study of Vitamin B6, Vitamin B12, Folate, and Homocysteine Blood Concentrations

Toshiko Tanaka et al. Am J Hum Genet. .
Free PMC article

Erratum in

  • Am J Hum Genet. 2009 May;84(5):712

Abstract

The B vitamins are components of one-carbon metabolism (OCM) that contribute to DNA synthesis and methylation. Homocysteine, a by-product of OCM, has been associated with coronary heart disease, stroke and neurological disease. To investigate genetic factors that affect circulating vitamin B6, vitamin B12, folate and homocysteine, a genome-wide association analysis was conducted in the InCHIANTI (N = 1175), SardiNIA (N = 1115), and BLSA (N = 640) studies. The top loci were replicated in an independent sample of 687 participants in the Progetto Nutrizione study. Polymorphisms in the ALPL gene (rs4654748, p = 8.30 x 10(-18)) were associated with vitamin B6 and FUT2 (rs602662, [corrected] p = 2.83 x 10(-20)) with vitamin B12 serum levels. The association of MTHFR, a gene consistently associated with homocysteine, was confirmed in this meta-analysis. The ALPL gene likely influences the catabolism of vitamin B6 while FUT2 interferes with absorption of vitamin B12. These findings highlight mechanisms that affect vitamin B6, vitamin B12 and homocysteine serum levels.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Genome-wide Scans of Plasma Vitamin B12 and B6 in the InCHIANTI Study on Aging (A) Genome-wide associations of plasma vitamin B6 graphed by chromosome position and −log10 p value. The most significant variant was in the ALPL and NBPF3 genes on chromosome 1. (B) Genome-wide associations of plasma vitamin B12 graphed by chromosome position and −log10 p value. The most significant variant was in the FUT2 gene on chromosome 19. The next genes of interested included CUBN gene on chromosome 10 and TCN1 on chromosome 11. (C) Genome-wide associations of plasma homocysteine graphed by chromosome position and −log10 p value. The most significant variant was in the MTHFR gene on chromosome 1. The second significant region was in the SYT9 gene on chromosome 11.

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