The treatment of cancer using macromolecular therapeutics such as oligonucleotides or peptides requires efficient delivery systems capable of intracellular penetration and may also benefit from use of a combination of therapeutics with different mechanisms of action. With this possibility in mind, we constructed cationic liposome loaded with the proapoptotic peptide, d-(KLAKLAK)(2) and the Bcl-2 antisense oligodeoxynucleotide, G3139, and determined whether the combination of the proapoptotic macromolecules in a single cationic liposome can enhance antitumor efficacy. Advantage was taken of alternating charge interaction to entrap macromolecules of opposite charge. The polycationic peptide d-(KLAKLAK)(2) was first condensed with the polyanionic oligodeoxynucleotide G3139 to obtain overall negatively charged peptide/oligodeoxynucleotide complexes. The complexes were then entrapped into DOTAP/DOPE cationic liposomes (CL). This sequential charge interaction ensured efficient entrapment of d-(KLAKLAK)(2) and G3139 with a high loading efficiency (50%) and capacity (7.5 wt %). In vitro treatment of mouse melanoma B16(F10) with CL loaded with d-(KLAKLAK)(2)/G3139 led to significantly enhanced antitumor efficacy, mediated by stimulated induction of apoptotic (caspase 3/7) activity, when compared to CL loaded with G3139 alone. Intratumoral injection of CL loaded with d-(KLAKLAK)(2)/G3139 in B16(F10) mice xenograft also led to suppressed tumor growth associated with enhanced apoptotic activity. Thus, the combination of proapoptotic peptide d-(KLAKLAK)(2) and antisense oligonucleotide G3139 in a cationic liposome led to enhanced apoptotic/antitumor efficacy and may provide a promising tool for cancer treatment.