N6-Cycloalkyl- and N6-bicycloalkyl-C5'(C2')-modified adenosine derivatives as high-affinity and selective agonists at the human A1 adenosine receptor with antinociceptive effects in mice

J Med Chem. 2009 Apr 23;52(8):2393-406. doi: 10.1021/jm801456g.


To further investigate new potent and selective human A(1) adenosine receptor agonists, we have synthesized a series of 5'-chloro-5'-deoxy- and 5'-(2-fluorophenylthio)-5'-deoxy-N(6)-cycloalkyl(bicycloalkyl)-substituted adenosine and 2'-C-methyladenosine derivatives. These compounds were evaluated for affinity and efficacy at human A(1), A(2A), A(2B), and A(3) adenosine receptors. In the series of N(6)-cyclopentyl- and N(6)-(endo-norborn-2-yl)adenosine derivatives, 5'-chloro-5'-deoxy-CPA (1) and 5'-chloro-5'-deoxy-(+/-)-ENBA (3) displayed the highest affinity in the subnanomolar range and relevant selectivity for hA(1) vs the other human receptor subtypes. The higher affinity and selectivity of 5'-chloro-5'-deoxyribonucleoside derivatives 1 and 3 for hA(1) AR vs hA(3) AR compared to that of the parent 5'-hydroxy compounds CPA and (+/-)-ENBA was rationalized by a molecular modeling analysis. 5'-Chloro-5'-deoxy-(+/-)-ENBA, evaluated for analgesic activity in the formalin test in mice, was found to inhibit the first or the second phases of the nocifensive response induced by intrapaw injection of formalin at doses ranging between 1 and 2 mg/kg i.p.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Adenosine / chemical synthesis*
  • Adenosine / pharmacology
  • Adenosine A1 Receptor Agonists*
  • Adenylyl Cyclases / metabolism
  • Analgesics / chemical synthesis*
  • Analgesics / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • CHO Cells
  • Cricetinae
  • Cricetulus
  • Cyclopentanes / chemical synthesis*
  • Cyclopentanes / pharmacology
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Models, Molecular
  • Norbornanes / chemical synthesis*
  • Norbornanes / pharmacology
  • Pain Measurement
  • Radioligand Assay
  • Stereoisomerism
  • Structure-Activity Relationship


  • Adenosine A1 Receptor Agonists
  • Analgesics
  • Cyclopentanes
  • Norbornanes
  • Adenylyl Cyclases
  • Adenosine