Noninvasive imaging of alphaVbeta3 function as a predictor of the antimigratory and antiproliferative effects of dasatinib

Cancer Res. 2009 Apr 1;69(7):3173-9. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-08-3390. Epub 2009 Mar 24.


Src family kinases (SFKs) are commonly deregulated in cancer cells. Among other functions, SFKs are critical for cellular migration and invasion. SFK inhibitors are being studied as targeted cancer drugs, but there are no biomarkers for noninvasive assessment of SFK inhibition. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether imaging of alpha(V)beta(3) integrin activity with positron emission tomography (PET) and [(64)Cu]DOTA-cyclo-(Arg-Gly-Asp-dPhe-Lys) {[(64)Cu]DOTA-c(RGDfK)} can be used for monitoring response to the SFK inhibitor dasatinib. Severe combined immunodeficient mice bearing U87MG xenografts were gavaged daily over 72 hours with 72 or 95 mg/kg of dasatinib or vehicle. Tumor uptake of [(64)Cu]DOTA-c(RGDfK) was measured by small-animal PET. In parallel, fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) scans were performed to assess tumor metabolism in response to dasatinib treatment. Dasatinib significantly (P<0.0001) reduced [(64)Cu]DOTA-c(RGDfK) uptake by up to 59% in U87MG xenografts [2.10+/-0.14% injected dose/gram (ID/g) in the 95 mg/kg group and 3.12+/-0.18% ID/g in the 72 mg/kg group, versus 5.08+/-0.80% ID/g in controls]. In contrast, tumor FDG uptake showed no significant reduction with dasatinib therapy (8.13+/-0.45% ID/g in treated versus 10.39+/-1.04% ID/g in controls; P=0.170). Histologically, tumors were viable at the time of the follow-up PET scan but showed inhibition of focal adhesion kinase. Continued dasatinib treatment resulted in a significant inhibition of tumor growth (tumor size on day 10 of therapy: 21.13+/-2.60 mm(2) in treated animals versus 122.50+/-17.68 mm(2) in controls; P=0.001). [(64)Cu]DOTA-c(RGDfK) may provide a sensitive means of monitoring tumor response to SFK inhibition in alpha(V)beta(3)-expressing cancers early in the course of therapy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Growth Processes / drug effects
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Movement / drug effects
  • Copper Radioisotopes
  • Dasatinib
  • Focal Adhesions / drug effects
  • Glioblastoma / blood supply
  • Glioblastoma / diagnostic imaging
  • Glioblastoma / metabolism
  • Glioblastoma / pathology
  • Heterocyclic Compounds, 1-Ring / pharmacokinetics
  • Humans
  • Integrin alphaVbeta3 / analysis
  • Integrin alphaVbeta3 / physiology*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, SCID
  • Oligopeptides / pharmacokinetics
  • Organometallic Compounds / pharmacokinetics
  • Positron-Emission Tomography / methods
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Pyrimidines / pharmacology*
  • Thiazoles / pharmacology*
  • src-Family Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors


  • Copper Radioisotopes
  • Heterocyclic Compounds, 1-Ring
  • Integrin alphaVbeta3
  • Oligopeptides
  • Organometallic Compounds
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors
  • Pyrimidines
  • Thiazoles
  • 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane- 1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid
  • arginyl-glycyl-aspartic acid
  • src-Family Kinases
  • Dasatinib