Vitamin K dependent carboxylation: determination of the stereochemical course using 4-fluoroglutamyl-containing substrate

Biochemistry. 1991 Oct 29;30(43):10506-12. doi: 10.1021/bi00107a020.


The stereochemical course of the vitamin K dependent carboxylation has been elucidated using a (4S)-4-fluoroglutamyl-containing pentapeptide as a substrate. The absolute configuration of the [13C]-4-carboxy-4-fluoroglutamate obtained when the carboxylation was carried out with 13C-labeled sodium bicarbonate, was determined after reduction of the [13C]-4-carboxy-4-fluoroglutamyl residue into 4-fluoro-5,5'-dihydroxyleucine, hydrolysis, lactonization, and peracetylation. The absolute configuration at C-4 was determined to be S by locating the 13C label in the lactone ring of the trans isomeric lactone and in the hydroxymethyl group of the cis isomer following HPLC separation of both isomers and analysis by GC/MS/MS techniques. It follows that the vitamin K dependent carboxylation occurs with inversion of configuration.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Carboxylic Acids / chemistry*
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
  • Glutamates / chemistry*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Stereoisomerism
  • Substrate Specificity
  • Vitamin K / metabolism*


  • Carboxylic Acids
  • Glutamates
  • Vitamin K