[Gender power, poverty and contraception: multiparous women's experiences]

Rev Gaucha Enferm. 2008 Dec;29(4):604-11.
[Article in Portuguese]


Multiparity among poor women is associated to vulnerability as a generating or strengthening factor. This is a qualitative and exploratory research that aims at analyzing experiences of contraception among poor multiparae women, considering the influence of gender on their autonomy in choosing the number of children, the moment of getting pregnant, and the contraception strategies. It also aims at analyzing the mechanisms of resistance used by these women in the search for such autonomy. The data were gathered through focus groups. The content analysis suggests that the high number of children these women give birth to is explained by a reduced autonomy in their use of contraception, arising from poverty and gender inequalities. These women face these difficulties using resistance strategies that result in male power disruptions. This research has brought new elements for understanding the multiparity phenomenon in the context of poverty, and it also contributes towards a critical analysis of actions focused on promoting family planning.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Brazil
  • Contraception Behavior / psychology
  • Contraception Behavior / statistics & numerical data
  • Contraception* / economics
  • Contraception* / methods
  • Data Collection
  • Family Characteristics
  • Female
  • Focus Groups
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Male
  • Parity
  • Personal Autonomy*
  • Poverty*
  • Power, Psychological*
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy, Unwanted / psychology
  • Prejudice*
  • Spouses / psychology
  • Urban Population / statistics & numerical data
  • Women* / psychology
  • Young Adult