Discourse on the development of EEG diagnostics and biofeedback for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorders

Biofeedback Self Regul. 1991 Sep;16(3):201-25. doi: 10.1007/BF01000016.


This article presents a review of work that my colleagues and I have been doing during the past 15 years developing a rationale for the diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and treatment of ADHD employing EEG biofeedback techniques. The article first briefly reviews the history of research and theory for understanding ADHD and then deals with the development of EEG and event-related potential (ERP) assessment paradigms and treatment protocols for this disorder, including our work and that of others who have replicated our results. Illustrative material from our current research and child case studies is included. Suggestions for future experimental and clinical work in this area are presented and theoretical issues involving the understanding of the neurophysiological and neurological basis of ADHD are discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / physiopathology*
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / therapy
  • Biofeedback, Psychology / physiology*
  • Brain / physiopathology*
  • Brain Mapping
  • Child
  • Electroencephalography
  • Evoked Potentials / physiology
  • Humans