Predicting neuropsychological test performance on the basis of temporal orientation

Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn. 2009 May;16(3):330-7. doi: 10.1080/13825580902741344. Epub 2009 Mar 25.

Abstract

Temporal orientation is often disrupted in the context of psychiatric or neurological disease; tests assessing this function are included in most mental status examinations. The present study examined the relationship between scores on the Temporal Orientation Scale (TOS) and performance on a battery of tests that assess memory, language, and cognitive functioning in a sample of patients with Alzheimer's disease (N = 55). Pearson-product moment correlations showed that, in all but two instances, the TOS was significantly correlated with each neuropsychological measure, p values < or = .05. Also, severely disoriented (i.e., TOS score < or = -8) patients were consistently 'impaired' on memory tests but not on tests of language and general cognitive functioning.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Alzheimer Disease / physiopathology*
  • Bias*
  • Cognition
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Language
  • Male
  • Memory, Short-Term
  • Neuropsychological Tests* / statistics & numerical data
  • Orientation / physiology*
  • Predictive Value of Tests