The two-phase partitioning system--a powerful technique to purify integral membrane proteins of Corynebacterium glutamicum for quantitative shotgun analysis

Proteomics. 2009 Apr;9(8):2263-72. doi: 10.1002/pmic.200800766.


We established a single consecutive strategy which assigned the most comprehensive number of integral membrane proteins from Gram-positive bacteria to date. For this purpose, we adapted a biphasic partitioning system for the biotechnologically intensively used Corynebacterium glutamicum and proved for the first time that such a system is well suited for quantitative comparison. 297 integral membrane proteins were identified by our integrated approach, which depletes stringently cytosolic proteins. In combination with our previously developed SIMPLE strategy, our data comprise 61% (374 integral membrane proteins) of the entire membrane proteome, which aims towards an almost comprehensive coverage. Wild type and a production strain of C. glutamicum were compared by (15)N metabolic labelling and quantitation was obtained by spectral counting and peak areas. Both quantification strategies display a consistent trend in up or downregulation of proteins. Nevertheless, spectral counting often provides results indicating a much stronger regulation compared to ProRata values. Either spectral counting seems to exaggerate protein regulation or ProRata tends to attenuate the information about the regulation level. We highlight some of the biologically relevant candidates, which prove that our approach helps to give a deeper quantitative insight towards the understanding of transport and other membrane associated processes, important for strain development of C. glutamicum.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bacterial Proteins / isolation & purification
  • Cell Membrane / chemistry
  • Chemical Fractionation / methods*
  • Corynebacterium glutamicum / chemistry*
  • Corynebacterium glutamicum / ultrastructure
  • Membrane Proteins / isolation & purification*
  • Proteome / chemistry
  • Subcellular Fractions / chemistry
  • Tandem Mass Spectrometry


  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Proteome