[First report of lethal gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) intoxication after consumption of gamma-butyrolactone (GBL) in Lower Saxony]

Arch Kriminol. 2009 Jan-Feb;223(1-2):45-51.
[Article in German]


A 25-year-old drug addict died from an overdose of GBL after mistaking it for water in preparing a dilution. He realized his error and wrote a call for help in the chat room of a drug forum, so that we know the time, type and approximate amount of drug consumed. The deceased had written numerous contributions in this drug forum before, which provide further information on his drug habits and the duration of the abuse of GHB, GBL and other drugs. According to the Criminal Investigation Department of Lower Saxony, this is the first death due to GHB/GBL reported in Lower Saxony.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • 4-Butyrolactone / poisoning*
  • Accidents / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Adult
  • Autopsy / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Drug Interactions
  • Humans
  • Hydroxybutyrates / poisoning*
  • Illicit Drugs / poisoning*
  • Male
  • Sodium Oxybate / poisoning*
  • Substance-Related Disorders / pathology*


  • Hydroxybutyrates
  • Illicit Drugs
  • 4-hydroxybutyric acid
  • Sodium Oxybate
  • 4-Butyrolactone