Diagnosis and management of Sjögren syndrome

Am Fam Physician. 2009 Mar 15;79(6):465-70.


Sjögren syndrome is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by dry eyes and dry mouth. Other organ systems are affected in many patients. Sjogren syndrome is classified as primary or secondary. In primary disease, Sjogren syndrome is a solitary process, whereas secondary disease accompanies another autoimmune disease--often rheumatoid arthritis. Sjögren syndrome is a challenging diagnosis, requiring the family physician to coordinate with a team of specialists, including dentists, otolaryngologists, rheumatologists, and ophthalmologists. Pilocarpine and cevimeline can help relieve dry eyes and dry mouth.

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prognosis
  • Sjogren's Syndrome / diagnosis*
  • Sjogren's Syndrome / therapy*
  • Xerophthalmia / drug therapy
  • Xerostomia / therapy