Ordering of caspases in cells undergoing apoptosis by the intrinsic pathway

Cell Death Differ. 2009 Jul;16(7):1053-61. doi: 10.1038/cdd.2009.29. Epub 2009 Mar 27.


Caspases are a family of aspartate-specific cysteine proteases responsible for the biochemical and morphological changes that occur during the execution phase of apoptosis. The hierarchical ordering of caspases has been clearly established using dATP-activated cell lysates to model the intrinsic pathway induced by initial mitochondrial perturbation. In this model, caspase-9, the apical caspase, directly processes and activates the effector caspases, caspase-3 and -7, and then active caspase-3 but not caspase-7, processes caspase-2 and -6, and subsequently the activated caspase-6 processes caspase-8 and -10. To address the possibility that this model in vitro system might not reflect the precise ordering of caspases in intact cells, we have examined this possibility in cells induced to undergo apoptosis by activation of the intrinsic pathway. We have used caspase deficient cells, small interference RNA for caspase-6 and -7, and a specific caspase-3 inhibitor. In contrast to the earlier in vitro studies, we now show that in intact cells caspase-7 can also directly process and activate caspase-2 and -6. The processing of caspase-2 and -6 occurs within the cytoplasm and active caspase-6 is then responsible for both the processing of caspase-8 and the cleavage of caspase-6 substrates, including lamin A/C.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Chloromethyl Ketones / pharmacology
  • Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic / pharmacology
  • Apoptosis / drug effects
  • Apoptosis / physiology*
  • Caspase Inhibitors
  • Caspases / genetics
  • Caspases / metabolism*
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cysteine Proteinase Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Etoposide / pharmacology
  • Gene Knockdown Techniques
  • Humans
  • Jurkat Cells
  • Lamin Type A / metabolism
  • RNA, Small Interfering / metabolism


  • Amino Acid Chloromethyl Ketones
  • Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
  • Caspase Inhibitors
  • Cysteine Proteinase Inhibitors
  • LMNA protein, human
  • Lamin Type A
  • RNA, Small Interfering
  • benzyloxycarbonylvalyl-alanyl-aspartyl fluoromethyl ketone
  • Etoposide
  • Caspases