In the last decade prehospital focused abdominal sonography for trauma (P-FAST) could be established as a valid on-site diagnostic tool for both air and ground rescue medical services in Germany. An appropriate use of P-FAST demands a standardized training concept. Therefore a 1-day training program was developed by the working group "emergency ultrasound" in Frankfurt/Main and was introduced in 2003. The training consists of lectures on general and specific aspects of emergency ultrasound techniques with demonstrations of numerous pathological findings, intensive hands-on training with patients and volunteers, as well as simulated on-site training. After completing the P-FAST course the participants gained competency to perform prehospital emergency ultrasound with high accuracy. Strict application of the exact technique as well as appropriate integration of the adjunct into the algorithm of prehospital care are the most important prerequisites for successful use of P-FAST. From February 2003 to March 2008 540 participants were trained in P-FAST in the 1-day course.