A Novel Bacillus Sp. Accumulating Poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) From a Single Carbon Substrate

J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol. 2009 Jun;36(6):837-43. doi: 10.1007/s10295-009-0561-8. Epub 2009 Mar 27.

Abstract

The objective of this paper was to report a bacterium designated as 88D, capable of producing poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) [P (3HB-co-3HV)] copolymer from a single carbon source, which was isolated from a municipal sewage treatment plant in Hyderabad, India. This microorganism, based on the phenotypical features and genotypic investigations, was identified as Bacillus sp. The optimal growth of Bacillus sp. 88D occurred between 28 and 30 degrees C and at pH 7. The strain yielded a maximum of 64.62% dry cell weight (DCW) polymer in the medium containing glucose as carbon source, which was followed by 60.46% DCW polymer in glycerol containing medium. Bacillus sp. 88D produced P (3HB-co-3HV) from glucose or glycerol, when they were used as a single carbon substrate. This bacterium produced polyhydrxybutyrate (PHB) when sodium acetate was used as sole carbon substrate. The viscosity average molecular mass (Mv) of the copolymers ranged from 523 to 627 kDa. The physical, chemical and mechanical properties of the biopolymers were characterized.

MeSH terms

  • Bacillus / classification
  • Bacillus / genetics
  • Bacillus / isolation & purification*
  • Bacillus / metabolism*
  • Biopolymers / chemistry
  • Biopolymers / metabolism
  • Culture Media / metabolism
  • Glucose / metabolism*
  • Glycerol / metabolism*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Molecular Weight
  • Phylogeny
  • Polyesters / chemistry
  • Polyesters / metabolism*
  • Sewage / microbiology

Substances

  • Biopolymers
  • Culture Media
  • Polyesters
  • Sewage
  • poly(3-hydroxybutyrate)-co-(3-hydroxyvalerate)
  • Glucose
  • Glycerol

Associated data

  • GENBANK/EF688467