Purpose: To test the hypothesis that right enlargement assessed from right ventricular/left ventricular (RV/LV) dimension ratios of computed tomographic (CT) angiograms are equivalent irrespective of whether measured on axial views or reconstructed 4-chamber views.
Methods: RV/LV dimension ratios were calculated from measurements on axial views, manually reconstructed 4-chamber views and computer generated reconstructed 4-chamber views of CT angiograms in 152 patients with PE.
Results: Paired readings of the axial view and manually reconstructed 4-chamber view showed agreement with RV/LV > or =1 or RV/LV <1 in 114 of 127 (89.8%). Paired readings also showed agreement in 119 of 127 (93.7%) with axial views and computer generated reconstructed 4-chamber views. The McNemar test showed no statistically significant difference between assessments of RV enlargement (RV/LV > or = 1) with any method.
Conclusion: Right ventricular enlargement can be determined from axial views on CT angiograms, which are readily and immediately available, without obtaining 4-chamber reconstructed views.