Firearm injury prevention training in Preventive Medicine Residency programs

J Community Health. 2009 Aug;34(4):295-300. doi: 10.1007/s10900-009-9156-6.


Preventive medicine plays a central role in the reducing the number of deaths due to preventable causes of premature deaths. General Preventive Medicine Residency programs have not been studied in relation to training in this area. A three-wave mail survey was conducted with email and telephone follow-ups. The outcome measures were the portion of program directors involved in training residents on firearm injury prevention issues and their perceived benefits and barriers of training residents on firearm injury prevention issues. Only 25% of the programs provided formal training on firearm injury prevention. Program directors who provided formal training perceived significantly higher number of benefits to offering such training than did directors who did not provide such training but no significant difference was found between the two for number of perceived barriers. If preventive medicine residency graduates are to play a role in reducing premature morbidity and mortality from firearms it will require more residencies to offer formal training in this area. The Association for Prevention Teaching and Research needs to develop guidelines on specific curriculum topics regarding firearm injury prevention.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Data Collection
  • Female
  • Homicide / prevention & control
  • Humans
  • Internship and Residency*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Preventive Medicine / education*
  • Suicide / prevention & control
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • United States
  • Wounds, Gunshot / prevention & control*