Background: Sunitinib inhibits KIT and other members of the split-kinase-domain family of receptor tyrosine kinases. Sunitinib prolongs survival in adult patients with imatinib-resistant gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). We report the experience with sunitinib in pediatric patients with advanced GIST following failure of imatinib.
Procedure: Sunitinib therapy was provided through a treatment-use protocol. Patients were 10-17 years old at enrollment. All patients had GIST resistant to imatinib therapy. Sunitinib was administered daily for 4 weeks in 6-week treatment cycles. KIT and platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRA) genotyping of tumor tissue were performed.
Results: One patient achieved a partial response, five patients had stable disease and one patient had progressive disease on sunitinib. The duration of disease stabilization was between 7 and 21+ months, with a mean of 15 months. Time to tumor progression was longer on sunitinib than on prior imatinib treatment for five of six patients. Two patients experienced grade 3 adverse events. All other adverse events were grade 1-2. None of the five patients tested had mutations in KIT or PDGFRA.
Conclusion: Sunitinib treatment was associated with substantial initial antitumor activity and acceptable tolerability in this group of pediatric patients with imatinib-resistant GIST.
(c) 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.