We recently reported that the mGlu5 receptor antagonist 2-methyl-6-(phenylethynyl)pyridine (MPEP) reduces intravenous self-administration of ketamine and, to a lesser extent, heroin in rats. We also found that MPEP potentiates conditioned place preference induced by these drugs, suggesting that the reduction of self-administration results from an MPEP-induced potentiation of the rewarding effect of the self-administered drug. The aim of the present study was to examine whether MPEP has intrinsic positive reinforcing and rewarding effects. In experiment 1, rats were trained to self-administer either ketamine [0.5 mg/kg/infusion, 2 h sessions, fixed-ratio (FR) 3] or heroin (0.05 mg/kg/infusion, 1 h sessions, FR 10), followed by a number of substitution sessions with MPEP (1 mg/kg/infusion) or saline. In experiment 2, drug-naïve rats were allowed to acquire intravenous self-administration of MPEP (1 mg/kg/infusion, 2 h sessions, FR 3) or saline. In experiment 3, rats were subjected to a single-trial unbiased conditioned place preference protocol with MPEP (0.3-10 mg/kg i.v., 20 min conditioning). It was found that (1) substitution with MPEP in rats which had learned to self-administer ketamine or heroin resulted in stable self-administration behavior, whereas substitution with saline resulted in a typical extinction profile, (2) drug-naïve rats learned to self-administer MPEP, but not saline, and self-administration remained stable for at least 7 sessions, and (3) MPEP induced dose-dependent place preference with a minimal effective dose of 3 mg/kg. These data clearly demonstrate that MPEP has (weak) positive reinforcing and rewarding effects when administered i.v.