The HO1 and PcyA genes, encoding heme oxygenase-1 (HO1) and phycocyanobilin (PCB):ferredoxin (Fd) oxidoreductase (PcyA), respectively, are required for chromophore synthesis in photosynthetic light-harvesting complexes, photoreceptors, and circadian clocks. In the PCB biosynthetic pathway, heme first undergoes cleavage to form biliverdin. I confirmed that Fd1 induced the formation of a stable and functional HO1 complex by the gel mobility shift assay. Furthermore, analysis by a chemical cross-linking technique designed to detect protein-protein interactions revealed that HO1 and PcyA directly interact with Fd in a 1:2 ratio. Thus, Fd1, a one-electron carrier protein in photosynthesis, drives the phycobilin biosynthetic pathway.