Effect of Pilates and taiji quan training on self-efficacy, sleep quality, mood, and physical performance of college students

J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2009 Apr;13(2):155-63. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2007.12.001. Epub 2008 Feb 20.


Methods of exercise such as Pilates and taiji quan, which have been shown to have beneficial effects on physical and mental characteristics, have been studied more often in samples of older participants. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of a semester of either Pilates or taiji quan training on perceived self-efficacy, sleep quality and mood, as well as strength and balance in college-age individuals. Self-efficacy was found to be improved in the Pilates and taiji quan groups and there was a trend towards improvement in sleep quality. Mood was found to be improved significantly in the Pilates group while the taiji group showed a trend towards improvement. There were no changes or group differences in the strength or balance measures. Pilates and taiji quan are effective exercise modes to improve mental parameters in college-age individuals.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Affect*
  • Exercise Movement Techniques / methods*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Physical Fitness
  • Postural Balance
  • Self Efficacy*
  • Sleep*
  • Students*
  • Tai Ji / methods*
  • Universities
  • Young Adult