Cytogenetic mapping of common bean chromosomes reveals a less compartmentalized small-genome plant species

Chromosome Res. 2009;17(3):405-17. doi: 10.1007/s10577-009-9031-4. Epub 2009 Mar 28.


Cytogenetic maps of common bean chromosomes 3, 4 and 7 were constructed by fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) of BAC and a few other genomic clones. Although all clones were selected with genetically mapped markers, mostly with single-copy RFLPs, a large subset of BACs, from 13 different genomic regions, contained repetitive sequences, as concluded from the regional distribution patterns of multiple FISH signals on chromosomes: pericentromeric, subtelomeric and dispersed. Pericentromeric repeats were present in all 11 chromosome pairs with different intensities, whereas subtelomeric repeats were present in several chromosome ends, but with different signal intensities depending on the BAC, suggesting that the terminal heterochromatin fraction of this species may be composed of different repeats. The correlation of genetic and physical distances along the three studied chromosomes was obtained for 23 clones. This correlation suggests suppression of recombination around extended pericentromeric regions in a similar way to that previously reported for plant species with larger genomes. These results indicate that a relatively small plant genome may also possess a large proportion of repeats interspersed with single-copy sequences in regions other than the pericentromeric heterochromatin and, nevertheless, exhibit lower recombination around the pericentromeric fraction of the genome.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Chromosomes, Artificial, Bacterial
  • Chromosomes, Plant / genetics*
  • Genome, Plant / genetics*
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
  • Phaseolus / genetics*
  • Recombination, Genetic