Penetrating missile injuries in the Gulf war 1991

Br J Surg. 1991 Sep;78(9):1102-4. doi: 10.1002/bjs.1800780921.


During the recent Gulf war 63 patients with penetrating missile injuries (including 29 Iraqi prisoners of war) underwent operation in a British Army Field Hospital. Their injuries and initial operative management are reported. Fifty-one casualties (81 per cent) suffered an average of nine wounds (range 1-45) due to fragmentation weapons, and 12 casualties sustained bullet wounds. All wounds were explored following the established principles of war surgery. The extremities were involved in 48 patients (76 per cent). Eight compound long bone fractures were managed with external skeletal fixators applied at the time of initial operation. Laparotomy was performed on seven patients, one of whom died. The average duration of operation was 77 min for shrapnel wounds and 85 min for bullet wounds.

MeSH terms

  • Abdominal Injuries / surgery
  • Arm Injuries / surgery
  • Blast Injuries / surgery
  • Connective Tissue / injuries
  • Fracture Fixation
  • Fractures, Bone / surgery
  • Humans
  • Leg Injuries / surgery
  • Middle East
  • Military Personnel*
  • Thoracic Injuries / surgery
  • Time Factors
  • Warfare*
  • Wounds, Gunshot / surgery
  • Wounds, Penetrating / etiology
  • Wounds, Penetrating / surgery*