Civil society and the negotiation of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control

Glob Public Health. 2009;4(2):150-68. doi: 10.1080/17441690802095355.


Tobacco control civil society organisations mobilised to influence countries during the negotiation of the World Health Organisation (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) between 1999 and 2003. Tobacco control civil society organisations and coalitions around the world embraced the idea of an international tobacco control treaty and came together as the Framework Convention Alliance (FCA), becoming an important non-state actor within the international system of tobacco control. Archival documents and interviews demonstrate that the FCA successfully used strategies, including publication of a newsletter, shaming symbolism and media advocacy to influence policy positions of countries during the FCTC negotiation. The FCA became influential in the negotiation process, by mobilising tobacco control civil society organisations and resources with the help of the Internet, and framing the tobacco control discussion around global public health.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Congresses as Topic
  • Global Health
  • Government Regulation
  • Health Care Coalitions
  • Health Policy
  • Health Promotion
  • Humans
  • Negotiating*
  • Public Health / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Social Control, Formal*
  • Tobacco Industry / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Tobacco Use Disorder / prevention & control*
  • World Health Organization