An overview of the corrosion aspect of dental implants (titanium and its alloys)

Indian J Dent Res. 2009 Jan-Mar;20(1):91-8. doi: 10.4103/0970-9290.49068.

Abstract

Titanium and its alloys are used in dentistry for implants because of its unique combination of chemical, physical, and biological properties. They are used in dentistry in cast and wrought form. The long term presence of corrosion reaction products and ongoing corrosion lead to fractures of the alloy-abutment interface, abutment, or implant body. The combination of stress, corrosion, and bacteria contribute to implant failure. This article highlights a review of the various aspects of corrosion and biocompatibility of dental titanium implants as well as suprastructures. This knowledge will also be helpful in exploring possible research strategies for probing the biological properties of materials.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biocompatible Materials / chemistry
  • Corrosion
  • Dental Alloys / chemistry*
  • Dental Implants / adverse effects*
  • Dental Restoration Failure
  • Electrogalvanism, Intraoral
  • Humans
  • Saliva / chemistry
  • Saliva / microbiology
  • Titanium / chemistry*

Substances

  • Biocompatible Materials
  • Dental Alloys
  • Dental Implants
  • Titanium