Background: Warm water sitz bath is advised for a variety of anorectal disorders. However, preparation of the sitz bath is sometimes difficult for patients. As an alternative to the sitz bath, we have adapted a water spray method. A randomized, controlled study was conducted to determine if the water spray method has similar effects to the sitz bath in the post-hemorrhoidectomy period and it is easy to carry out.
Methods: A total of 120 patients were randomly assigned to water spray or sitz bath groups. All patients received analgesics and a fiber-rich diet after hemorrhoidectomy. Clinical parameters including pain, irritation (burning or itching sensations), hygiene, convenience, and overall satisfaction were evaluated by a visual analog scale to assess treatment outcome in both groups.
Results: There was no obvious difference in age, gender distribution, body mass index, or duration of disease between groups. There were no significant difference in scores for postoperative pain (p = 0.23), irritation (p = 0.48), or hygiene (p = 0.725) between groups. However, the water spray group reported significantly greater convenience (p < 0.05) and higher overall satisfaction (p < 0.05) compared with the sitz bath group. At the end of the 4-week postoperative follow-up period, 90% of patients in the watery spray group and 93% of patients in the sitz bath group showed complete wound healing. There were no significant differences in postoperative complications between groups.
Conclusion: Our results demonstrate that the water spray method could provide a safe and reliable alternative to the sitz bath for post-hemorrhoidectomy care. Furthermore, the water spray method could be used instead of the sitz bath as a more convenient and satisfactory form of treatment.