The C-terminal domain of Escherichia coli dihydrodipicolinate synthase (DHDPS) is essential for maintenance of quaternary structure and efficient catalysis

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2009 Mar 20;380(4):802-6. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2009.01.169. Epub 2009 Feb 4.


Dihydrodipicolinate synthase (DHDPS) catalyses the first committed step in the biosynthesis of (S)-lysine, an essential constituent of bacterial cell walls. Escherichia coli DHDPS is homotetrameric, and each monomer contains an N-terminal (alpha/beta)(8)-barrel, responsible for catalysis and regulation, and three C-terminal alpha-helices, the function of which is unknown. This study investigated the C-terminal domain of E. coli DHDPS by characterising a C-terminal truncated DHDPS (DHDPS-H225*). DHDPS-H225* was unable to complement an (S)-lysine auxotroph, and showed significantly reduced solubility, stability, and maximum catalytic activity (k(cat)=1.20+/-0.01 s(-1)), which was only 1.6% of wild type E. coli DHDPS (DHDPS-WT). The affinity of DHDPS-H225* for substrates and the feedback inhibitor, (S)-lysine, remained comparable to DHDPS-WT. These changes were accompanied by disruption in the quaternary structure, which has previously been shown to be essential for efficient catalysis in this enzyme.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Catalysis
  • Enzyme Stability
  • Escherichia coli / enzymology*
  • Hydro-Lyases / chemistry*
  • Hydro-Lyases / genetics
  • Protein Structure, Quaternary
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary / genetics


  • Hydro-Lyases
  • 4-hydroxy-tetrahydrodipicolinate synthase