Sensing pressure in the cardiovascular system: Gq-coupled mechanoreceptors and TRP channels

J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2010 Jan;48(1):83-9. doi: 10.1016/j.yjmcc.2009.03.020. Epub 2009 Apr 1.

Abstract

Despite the central physiological importance of cardiovascular mechanotransduction, the molecular identities of the sensors and the signaling pathways have long remained elusive. Indeed, how pressure is transduced into cellular excitation has only recently started to emerge. In both arterial and cardiac myocytes, the diacylglycerol-sensitive canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) subunits are proposed to underlie the stretch-activated depolarizing cation channels. An indirect mechanism of activation through a ligand-independent conformational switch of Gq-coupled receptors by mechanical stress is invoked. Such a mechanism involving the angiotensin type 1 receptor and TRPC6 is proposed to trigger the arterial myogenic response to intraluminal pressure. TRPC6 is also involved in load-induced cardiac hypertrophy. In this review, we will focus on the molecular basis of pressure sensing in the cardiovascular system and associated disease states.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cardiomegaly / metabolism
  • Cardiomegaly / physiopathology
  • Cardiovascular System / metabolism*
  • Diglycerides / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Mechanoreceptors / chemistry
  • Mechanoreceptors / metabolism*
  • Mechanotransduction, Cellular / physiology
  • Models, Biological
  • TRPC Cation Channels / chemistry
  • TRPC Cation Channels / metabolism*

Substances

  • 1,2-diacylglycerol
  • Diglycerides
  • TRPC Cation Channels