Oncogenic Braf induces melanocyte senescence and melanoma in mice

Cancer Cell. 2009 Apr 7;15(4):294-303. doi: 10.1016/j.ccr.2009.02.022.


We show here that inducible expression of Braf(V600E) off the endogenous Braf gene in mouse melanocytes stimulates skin hyperpigmentation and the appearance of nevi harboring senescent melanocytes. Additionally, approximately 70% of Braf(V600E) mice develop melanomas that reproduce many of the cardinal histological and molecular features of human melanoma and whose cells can colonize the lungs of nude mice. We show that the tumor suppressor p16(INK4a) is not required to induce melanocyte senescence and that its loss is not required for tumor progression, although it does regulate tumor penetrance and latency. Thus, we have developed a mouse model of melanoma driven by Braf(V600E) expressed at physiological levels that reflects the genetics and pathology of the human disease.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cellular Senescence*
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Humans
  • Immunoenzyme Techniques
  • Melanocytes / cytology*
  • Melanocytes / metabolism*
  • Melanoma / metabolism*
  • Melanoma / pathology*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Nude
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Nevus / genetics
  • Nevus / metabolism
  • Nevus / pathology
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf / physiology*


  • Braf protein, mouse
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf