IL-2- and CD25-dependent immunoregulatory mechanisms in the homeostasis of T-cell subsets

J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2009 Apr;123(4):758-62. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2009.02.011.


IL-2 plays a pivotal role in regulating the adaptive immune system by controlling the survival and proliferation of regulatory T (Treg) cells, which are required for the maintenance of immune tolerance. Moreover, IL-2 is implicated in the differentiation and homeostasis of effector T-cell subsets, including T(H)1, T(H)2, T(H)17, and memory CD8+ T cells. The IL-2 receptor is composed of 3 distinct subunits, namely the alpha (CD25), beta (CD122), and gamma (gammac) chains. Of crucial importance for the delivery of IL-2 signals to Treg cells is the expression of CD25, which, along with CD122 and gammac, confers high affinity binding to IL-2. Notably, recent findings suggest a novel role for CD25, whereby CD25 molecules on Treg cells and possibly other cells are capable of influencing T-cell homeostasis by means of IL-2 deprivation. This review explores these findings and integrates them into our current understanding of T-cell homeostasis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes / immunology
  • Homeostasis*
  • Humans
  • Immune Tolerance
  • Interleukin-17 / physiology
  • Interleukin-2 / immunology*
  • Interleukin-2 Receptor alpha Subunit / immunology*
  • T-Lymphocyte Subsets / immunology*
  • T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory / immunology
  • Th1 Cells / immunology
  • Th2 Cells / immunology


  • Interleukin-17
  • Interleukin-2
  • Interleukin-2 Receptor alpha Subunit