Simultaneous MEG and intracranial EEG recordings during attentive reading

Neuroimage. 2009 May 1;45(4):1289-304. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2009.01.017. Epub 2009 Jan 24.


The relationship between neural oscillations recorded at various spatial scales remains poorly understood partly due to an overall dearth of studies utilizing simultaneous measurements. In an effort to study quantitative markers of attention during reading, we performed simultaneous magnetoencephalography (MEG) and intracranial electroencephalography (iEEG) recordings in four epileptic patients. Patients were asked to attend to a specific color when presented with an intermixed series of red words and green words, with words of a given color forming a cohesive story. We analyzed alpha, beta, and gamma band oscillatory responses to the word presentation and compared the strength and spatial organization of those responses in both electrophysiological recordings. Time-frequency analysis of iEEG revealed a network of clear attention-modulated high gamma band (50-150 Hz) power increases and alpha/beta (9-25 Hz) suppressions in response to the words. In addition to analyses at the sensor level, MEG time-frequency analysis was performed at the source level using a sliding window beamformer technique. Strong alpha/beta suppressions were observed in MEG reconstructions, in tandem with iEEG effects. While the MEG counterpart of high gamma band enhancement was difficult to interpret at the sensor level in two patients, MEG time-frequency source reconstruction revealed additional activation patterns in accordance with iEEG results. Importantly, iEEG allowed us to confirm that several sources of gamma band modulation observed with MEG were indeed of cortical origin rather than EMG muscular or ocular artifact.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Attention*
  • Biological Clocks*
  • Brain / physiopathology*
  • Electroencephalography / methods*
  • Epilepsy / physiopathology*
  • Evoked Potentials, Visual*
  • Humans
  • Magnetoencephalography / methods*
  • Male
  • Reading*