Purpose: Eribulin mesylate (E7389), a nontaxane microtubule dynamics inhibitor, is a structurally simplified, synthetic analog of the marine natural product halichondrin B. This open-label, single-arm, phase II study evaluated efficacy and tolerability of eribulin in heavily pretreated patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC).
Methods: MBC patients who were previously treated with an anthracycline and a taxane received eribulin mesylate (1.4 mg/m(2)) as a 2- to 5-minute intravenous (IV) infusion on days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28-day cycle. Because of neutropenia (at day 15), an alternative regimen of eribulin on days 1 and 8 of a 21-day cycle was administered. The primary end point was overall response rate.
Results: Of the 103 patients treated, the median number of prior chemotherapy regimens was four (range, one to 11 regimens). In the per-protocol population (n = 87), eribulin achieved an independently reviewed objective response rate (all partial responses [PRs]) of 11.5% (95% CI, 5.7 to 20.1) and a clinical benefit rate (PR plus stable disease > or = 6 months) of 17.2% (95% CI, 10.0 to 26.8). The median duration of response was 171 days (5.6 months; range, 44 to 363 days), the median progression-free survival was 79 days (2.6 months; range, 1 to 453 days), and the median overall survival was 275 days (9.0 months; range, 15 to 826 days). The most common drug-related grades 3 to 4 toxicities were as follows: neutropenia, 64%; leukopenia, 18%; fatigue, 5%; peripheral neuropathy, 5%; and febrile neutropenia, 4%.
Conclusion: Eribulin demonstrated activity with manageable tolerability (including infrequent grade 3 and no grade 4 neuropathy) in heavily pretreated patients with MBC when dosed as a short IV infusion on days 1 and 8 of a 21-day cycle.