Starting from known piperidine renin inhibitors, a new series of 3,9-diazabicyclo[3.3.1]nonene derivatives was rationally designed and prepared. Optimization of the positions 3, 6, and 7 of the diazabicyclonene template led to potent renin inhibitors. The substituents attached at the positions 6 and 7 were essential for the binding affinity of these compounds for renin. The introduction of a substituent attached at the position 3 did not modify the binding affinity but allowed the modulation of the ADME properties. Our efforts led to the discovery of compound (+)-26g that inhibits renin with an IC(50) of 0.20 nM in buffer and 19 nM in plasma. The pharmacokinetics properties of this and other similar compounds are discussed. Compound (+)-26g is well absorbed in rats and efficacious at 10 mg/kg in vivo.