Background: Transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta1), TGF-beta2, osteoprotegerin (OPG), and leptin are important cytokines in the regulation of bone remodeling. We investigated the relationship of TGF-beta1 and TGF-beta2 concentrations with those of OPG and leptin in Chinese females.
Methods: The serum concentrations of TGF-beta1, TGF-beta2, OPG, and leptin were measured by ELISA in 459 healthy Chinese females aged 25-80 y.
Results: The mean values (+/-SD) of the serum concentrations of TGF-beta1, TGF-beta2, OPG, and leptin in Chinese females were 29.7+/-1.69 microg/l, 13.7+/-3.86 microg/l, 3.81+/-1.96 pmol/l, and 10.5+/-2.01 microg/l, respectively. Further, the serum TGF-beta1 concentrations of postmenopausal women were significantly lower than those of perimenopausal and premenopausal women (24.3+/-1.59 vs 33.4+/-1.69 and 37.6+/-1.64, respectively), while the TGF-beta2 concentrations of postmenopausal women were significantly higher than those of perimenopausal and premenopausal women (14.6+/-3.91 vs 13.5+/-3.93 and 11.7+/-2.68, respectively). The serum TGF-beta1 concentration was found to be significantly negatively correlated with age (r=-0.335, P=0.000) and the TGF-beta2 concentration, to be significantly positively correlated with age (r=0.230, P=0.000). The TGF-beta1 concentration was found to be significantly negatively correlated with both TGF-beta2 (r=-0.261, P=0.000) and OPG (r=-0.313, P=0.000) concentrations; a significantly positive correlation was found between the TGF-beta1 and leptin concentrations (r=0.164, P=0.000) and between TGF-beta2 and OPG concentrations (r=0.432, P=0.000).
Conclusion: These results provide age-related reference values of TGF-beta1 and TGF-beta2 in Chinese adult women, and reveal the relationships between these cytokines.