Diagnosis and management of sports-related injuries to the face

Dent Clin North Am. 1991 Oct;35(4):719-32.


The face is often the most exposed part of the body during athletic competition. This article concentrates on sports-related injuries to the zygoma and periorbital area, the maxilla, the nose, and the external ear. Discussions of the management of soft-tissue injuries and the diagnosis and treatment of underlying disruption of bone and cartilage are presented. A new piece of protective athletic equipment for the prevention of facial injuries to baseball players is introduced.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Athletic Injuries / diagnosis
  • Athletic Injuries / therapy*
  • Facial Bones / injuries
  • Humans
  • Maxillofacial Injuries / diagnosis
  • Maxillofacial Injuries / therapy*
  • Skull Fractures / diagnosis
  • Skull Fractures / therapy