Isolation and characterization of developmentally regulated sea urchin U2 snRNA genes

Dev Biol. 1991 Nov;148(1):284-94. doi: 10.1016/0012-1606(91)90337-3.


Genes encoding the U2 snRNA have been isolated from the sea urchins, Strongylocentrotus purpuratus and Lytechinus variegatus. Representatives of tandemly repeated gene sets have been isolated from both sea urchin species and a unique U2 gene has also been isolated from L. variegatus. The sequence of the U2 snRNA encoded by the tandemly repeated genes differs in two nucleotides between S. purpuratus and L. variegatus. The unique U2 gene from L. variegatus encodes the same U2 RNA as the tandemly repeated genes. There is a change in the U2 genes expressed between morula and pluteus embryos as judged by a change in the U2 RNA sequence in S. purpuratus embryos. The tandemly repeated genes were expressed at a higher rate in blastula than in gastrula stage relative to the single-copy gene, when the two genes were injected into sea urchin zygotes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • DNA
  • Gene Expression Regulation*
  • Microinjections
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Oogenesis / genetics
  • RNA, Small Nuclear / genetics*
  • Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid
  • Restriction Mapping
  • Sea Urchins / embryology
  • Sea Urchins / genetics
  • Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid


  • RNA, Small Nuclear
  • DNA

Associated data

  • GENBANK/M65223
  • GENBANK/M65224
  • GENBANK/M71251
  • GENBANK/S60919
  • GENBANK/S60920
  • GENBANK/S64577
  • GENBANK/S64581
  • GENBANK/S64585
  • GENBANK/S64589
  • GENBANK/X59082