The cortical endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of sea urchin eggs was localized on isolated egg cortices by staining with aqueous suspensions of the dicarbocyanine "DiI." Immunofluorescence localization of a calsequestrin-like protein was essentially identical; this is consistent with a role for the ER in calcium regulation. The ER often encircles cortical granules, making it well-suited for initiating fusion and propagating the calcium wave. Thiazole orange and Hoechst dye 33258 at pH 2 stain ribosomes bound to the ER, providing evidence that the cortical ER is rough ER. High chloride concentrations were found to disrupt ER continuity.