Other tick-borne diseases in Europe

Curr Probl Dermatol. 2009:37:130-154. doi: 10.1159/000213072. Epub 2009 Apr 8.


Ticks are obligate blood-sucking arthropods that transmit pathogens while feeding, and in Europe, more vector-borne diseases are transmitted to humans by ticks than by any other agent. In addition to neurotoxins, ticks can transmit bacteria (e.g. rickettsiae, spirochetes) viruses and protozoa. Some tick-borne diseases, such as Lyme disease and ehrlichiosis, can cause severe or fatal illnesses. Here, we examine tick-borne diseases other than Lyme disease that are found in Europe; namely: anaplasmosis, relapsing fever, tularemia, tick-borne encephalitis, tick-borne babesiosis and tick-borne rickettsiosis. Each disease is broken down into a description, epidemiology, signs and symptoms, diagnosis and treatment, providing clear overviews of each disease course and the interventions required. Furthermore, in the section concerning tick-borne rickettsiosis, a clear summary of the Rickettsia conorii complex and its role in the disease is provided.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
  • Antiprotozoal Agents / therapeutic use
  • Arachnid Vectors
  • Bacterial Infections / drug therapy
  • Bacterial Infections / epidemiology
  • Bacterial Infections / transmission
  • Europe / epidemiology
  • Protozoan Infections / drug therapy
  • Protozoan Infections / epidemiology
  • Protozoan Infections / transmission
  • Tick-Borne Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Tick-Borne Diseases / microbiology
  • Tick-Borne Diseases / parasitology
  • Tick-Borne Diseases / transmission
  • Ticks / microbiology


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Antiprotozoal Agents