Intravenous administration of self-complementary AAV9 enables transgene delivery to adult motor neurons

Mol Ther. 2009 Jul;17(7):1187-96. doi: 10.1038/mt.2009.71. Epub 2009 Apr 14.


Therapeutic gene delivery to the whole spinal cord is a major challenge for the treatment of motor neuron (MN) diseases. Systemic administration of viral gene vectors would provide an optimal means for the long-term delivery of therapeutic molecules from blood to the spinal cord but this approach is hindered by the presence of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Here, we describe the first successful study of MN transduction in adult animals following intravenous (i.v.) delivery of self-complementary (sc) AAV9 vectors (up to 28% in mice). Intravenous MN transduction was achieved in adults without pharmacological disruption of the BBB and transgene expression lasted at least 5 months. Importantly, this finding was successfully translated to large animals, with the demonstration of an efficient systemic scAAV9 gene delivery to the neonate and adult cat spinal cord. This new and noninvasive procedure raises the hope of whole spinal cord correction of MN diseases and may lead to the development of new gene therapy protocols in patients.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenoviridae / genetics*
  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn
  • Cats
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Female
  • Genetic Vectors / administration & dosage
  • Genetic Vectors / genetics*
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Infusion Pumps
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Motor Neuron Disease / therapy
  • Pregnancy
  • Spinal Cord / metabolism
  • Transduction, Genetic / methods*
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / metabolism


  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A