Effects of wound closure on wound healing in gynecologic surgery: a systematic literature review

J Reprod Med. 2009 Mar;54(3):139-44.


A systematic review was undertaken using the Cochrane and PubMed databases to answer the question of how wound closure affects wound healing after gynecologic surgery. Leaving the vaginal vault open after vaginal and abdominal hysterectomy is as safe as closing it. When closing the vaginal vault, there is no difference between sutures and staples. Nonclosure of the peritoneum is a safe method after vaginal and abdominal hysterectomy. After laparotomy there is no difference between continuous and interrupted sutures regarding wound infection and/or dehiscence. After vertical midline incisions it is possible to close Camper's fascia, use drainage or close the skin only. The overall wound complication rate after laparoscopic surgery is lower when using transcutaneous as compared to subcuticular sutures. Adhesive paper tapes save time when closing smaller skin incisions. In conclusion, specific wound closure techniques improve wound healing after gynecologic operations.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Gynecologic Surgical Procedures / adverse effects*
  • Gynecologic Surgical Procedures / methods*
  • Humans
  • Meta-Analysis as Topic
  • Surgical Wound Dehiscence / epidemiology*
  • Surgical Wound Infection / epidemiology*
  • Sutures / adverse effects
  • Sutures / statistics & numerical data
  • Wound Healing / physiology*