The molecular basis of airway remodeling and loss of epithelial integrity in asthma is still undefined. We aimed to establish if exposure of human bronchial epithelium (16HBE cells) to asthma-related stimuli can induce epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), a key process in tissue repair and remodeling associated with loss of intercellular contacts. We studied the effects of fibrogenic cytokine TGF-beta and protease-containing aeroallergen house dust mite (HDM) on mesenchymal and epithelial markers, cytoskeleton organization, and activation of beta-catenin-driven reporter TopFLASH. TGF-beta alone up-regulated vimentin and fibronectin, modestly down-regulated E-cadherin, but did not affect cytokeratin. HDM alone did not affect these markers, but promoted stress fibers. Importantly, when added to TGF-beta-primed epithelium, HDM induced E-cadherin internalization, enhanced beta-catenin-dependent transcription, and down-regulated cytokeratin. Regarding the underlying mechanisms, the stimuli together induced sustained myosin light chain phosphorylation, which was crucial for E-cadherin internalization and beta-catenin-dependent transcription. Previously, we showed that HDM signals through the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). Accordingly, inhibition of EGFR prevented TGF-beta/HDM-induced mesenchymalization. TGF-beta facilitated uncoupling of EGFR from E-cadherin, its negative regulator, and prolonged EGFR signaling. Thus, we show that HDM promotes EMT in TGF-beta-primed epithelium. Analysis of primary epithelium appears consistent with this phenotypic change. We propose that TGF-beta secretion and dysregulated EGFR signaling may increase epithelial vulnerability to allergens and trigger the induction of EMT, a hitherto unrecognized contributor to airway remodeling in asthma.