We have previously reported that acute dependence can occur when naloxone is administered 24 h after even a single dose of morphine, and that nicotine attenuates this naloxone-precipitated withdrawal syndrome. In the present study, we studied the effect of tropisetron, an alpha7 nicotinic receptor agonist and 5-hydroxytryptamine 3 (5-HT(3)) receptor antagonist, on place aversion induced by naloxone in morphine-treated rats. Place aversion was significantly attenuated by pre-administered tropisetron (1.0 and 2.0 mg/kg, i. p.) in a dose-dependent manner, however tropisetron alone had no effect in a place-conditioning paradigm. This attenuation was completely antagonized by mecamylamine (1.0 mg/kg, s.c.), which is a central nicotinic receptor antagonist, but not by ondansetron (0.3 and 1.0 mg/kg, s.c.), a 5-HT(3) receptor antagonist. Furthermore, methyllycaconitine (1.0 and 2.0 mg/kg, s.c.), an alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor antagonist, but not dihydroxy-beta-erithroidine (1.0 and 2.0 mg/kg, s.c.), an alpha4beta2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor antagonist, also antagonized the inhibitory effect of tropisetron. These findings suggest that tropisetron attenuates place aversion induced by naloxone in single-dose morphine-treated rats via alpha7 nicotinic receptors.