Adopted girls (n = 107) previously studied regarding menarcheal age in relation to age at arrival, were analysed as to growth pattern and final height related to nutritional status at arrival and menarcheal age. It was found that most girls had catch-up growth regarding height and half of them regarding weight. Faster catch-up and later arrival age in Sweden were associated with earlier menarche. The catch-up growth was, however, incomplete, and lower the initial height for age, lower was the height for age at the succeeding measurements, and the final height. The mean final height was 154 cm, but 8% of the girls were 145 cm or shorter. The data suggest that linear growth and final height is influenced by the preadoptive nutritional condition, as well as by the degree and timing of subsequent catch-up growth, and the timing of puberty. Pubertal onset is related to the degree and timing of catch-up growth.