When does quality of life improve after liver transplantation? A longitudinal prospective study

Transplant Proc. 2009 Apr;41(3):904-5. doi: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2009.01.051.


Objectives: We sought to investigate the improvement in quality of life (mental and physical components) at 1 and 6 months after liver transplantation.

Methods: A sample of liver transplant candidates (n = 60), comprising consecutive patients attending outpatient clinics of a liver transplantation central unit (25% of the patients had familial amyloid polyneuropathy [FAP] and the remaining patents had chronic liver diseases), was assessed by means of the Short Form (SF)-36, Portuguese-validated version, a self-rating questionnaire developed by the Medical Outcome Trust, to investigate certain primary aspects of quality of life, at 3 times: before, and at 1 and 6 months after transplantation.

Results: We observed a significant improvement in quality of life (both mental and physical components) by 1 month after transplantation. Between the first month and the sixth month after transplantation, there also was an improvement in the quality of life (both mental and physical components), although only the physical components of quality of life was significantly improved.

Conclusions: Our findings suggested that quality of life improved early after liver transplantation (1 month). Between the first and the sixth months, there only was a significant improvement in the physical quality of life.

MeSH terms

  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Liver Diseases / physiopathology
  • Liver Diseases / psychology
  • Liver Diseases / surgery
  • Liver Transplantation / physiology*
  • Liver Transplantation / psychology
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Mental Health
  • Physical Fitness
  • Preoperative Care
  • Prospective Studies
  • Quality of Life*